Sailing Pilot Cutters

An Introduction to Pilot Cutters

Announcing the 15th Pilot Cutter Review 2021 from Classic Sailing

A Brief History of Pilot Cutters

Why are there Pilot Cutters and what makes them special?

In the 1800’s world trade was growing with the industrialisation of Europe and North America. The British Empire spanned the world and goods came from and went back to the colonies. 

There was a lot value on these ships and through institutions like Lloyds of London they obtained insurance for these cargos. Then and now insurers don’t like paying out so they required captains coming to certain ports to take on a local pilot who was certified by Trinity House of London.

Pilots were required for most European ports and busy waters like the English and Bristol Channel.

The pilots had to find their own trade and this was done by being the first pilot to get to the ship.

So to get your pilot onboard first and make a profit you need to consider the following –

  • Fast sailing
  • Sailing well to windward
  • Capable of sailing in rough weather
  • Small crew to keep the costs down.

The result is a pilot cutter, simple to sail and small crew, weatherly and going well to windward.

It was not just in Britain that this happened but in France, the United States and probably many other countries around the world.

The America’s Cup

The first yacht to win the America’s Cup was designed by a New York pilot cutter designer which illustrates what had been learnt in the development of the pilot cutter to be a fast successful sailing craft.

Bristol Channel Pilot Cutters

These fine craft have a high reputation as they had to deal with all usual weather conditions plus strong tides.

The Isles of Scilly Pilot Cutters

The location of the Isles of Scillies on the approaches to both the English Channel and Bristol Channel made them an ideal hunting ground for pilots to capture their trade. Apart from the sailing pilot cutters there were also the rowing pilot gig boats because sometimes there is no wind to sail by.

Special yesterday and today.

In their day they were very special cutters renowned for their sailing ability. They were overtaken by motorised vessels and the incorporation of pilots into organised bodies like the Thames Port Authority etc.

Today we admire them for their beauty and the fun you can have sailing them.

Sail on Mascotte an origanal Bristol Channel Pilot Cutter

Pilot Cutter Revival

Classic Boat magazine readers regularly chose pilot cutters – both originals and replicas – in their choice of favourite Classics amongst the vast choice of historic ships and elegant yachts, so what is their appeal and why have so many new wooden pilot cutters been built in the last 15 years ?
When Adam and Debbie Purser went to look at ‘Eve of St Mawes’ whilst it was being built speculatively by Luke Powell of Working Sail, we fell in love with the chunky purposefulness of the hull. Here was a boat that could work hard for a living, and had stunning simple lines which had evolved from decades of seafarers experience working their trade(fishermen and pilots) in the rough Western Approaches. In 1996 apart from similar pilot cutters being built in Canada using laminated construction, we were not aware of anyone building wooden working replicas using traditional construction methods in the UK. Luke’s second pilot cutter – again built speculatively – took a long time to sell, and we could not understand why nobody seemed to want to buy such a practical work of art and craftsmanship.
Refitting at Gweek we also saw a few committed people restoring original pilot cutters – Kindly Light, Marianne, and a new keel for Marguerite. If was fascinating to see the differences in hull shape, as the pilots strived to find the right balance between speed and seaworthiness.
Now we are pleased to see a revival of interest in wooden boat ownership, and in particular it seems pilot cutters are the design of choice for those with a boat building project in mind. In 2008 a record four new pilot cutters were launched by different boat builders – Polly Agatha, Tallulah, Pegasus and Mischief.

More Stories

Sail on Pilot Cutters with Classic Sailing

23/05 Festivals

Viewing the Pilot Cutter Racing 2024

Pilot Cutter Racing Thur. 30th May – Sun. 2nd June 2024 The Gathering – Thursday, Afternoon and Evening 30th May 2024 The Pilot Cutters

Read More
Tall Ship Sailing on Morgenster with Classic Sailing

24/04 Inspiration

Great Summer Voyages

Great Summer Voyages  Sail the coastal waters of Cornwall, Isles of Scilly, Devon, Scotland, the Baltic, Mediterranean, and Brittany on tall ship voyages ranging

Read More

28/02 Educational

2024 – Classic Sailing’s Year of Skills: Confident Crew

Throughout 2024, we’re shining the spotlight on the various ways our customers get more with a Classic Sailing booking. Sailing on a traditional vessel

Read More
Wild Boy and Leafy

01/02 Boat building

2024: Classic Sailing’s Year of Skills! It’s not just sailing, you know!

Throughout 2024, we’re shining the spotlight on the various ways our customers get more with a Classic Sailing booking. There are many physical and

Read More

14/01 Inspiration

Turning the Tide on Blue Monday

Turning the Tide on Blue Monday Blue Monday, marked on 15th January 2024, is here again. Many of us find ourselves caught in the

Read More
Pilot Cutters in Fowey

21/05 Festivals

Pilot Cutter Review Update 21-05-24

Pilot Cutter Review 2024 Sponsored by H Tiddy Estate Agents of St Mawes Grateful thanks. We are delighted to announce that H Tiddy have come

Read More
Vega Cargo of Hope

17/05 Book Reviews

Cargo of Hope

Voyages of Hope: The Story of Vega The story of the voyages of Vega from 1892 to the present day. This tale concentrates on

Read More